Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various linked forms of clothes originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[1] but at times also for lounging,[two] also by both of those sexes.[3] More generally, pajamas may perhaps check with various garments, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving versions of style and content.

The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][6] The first pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][8]

The all over the world utilization of pajamas (the term along with the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India while in the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from manner. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main half on the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a fashion in Britain along with the Western environment as sleeping attire for men right up until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of utilization at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This kind of garment is utilized by different people in India e.g. by Women of all ages of various classes, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted within the Mohammedans by Europeans as an post of dishabille and of evening attire, and is also synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the pattern like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had feet sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it truly is due to the White Ants."[ten]


Classic pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend fabricated from delicate cloth, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket aspect typically features a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[12] Many individuals opt zenske pidzame to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas are frequently called PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century They're somewhat scarce.

Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length,[16] or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many components. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.

While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've got often involved the latter to be a major. Babydoll pyjamas have a kind of brief dress leading above shorts or quick pants.[eighteen]

Pajamas may possibly nowadays confer with Females's combination daywear, specifically in the US where by they grew to become well-known within the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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